Interested in learning more about Black history, racism and anti-racism in Canada? Here are some resources we’ve put together.
1. Racism in Canada
HOW DOES RACISM HURT PEOPLE?
Canadian Psychological Association. “Psychology Works” Fact sheet: Racism (8 Aug. 2020).
Canadian Public Health Association. Racism is a public health issue in Canada—it’s time to speak out. (17 Dec. 2018).
Deschamps, Tara. Canadian people of colour carry an ’emotional tax’ at work. The Hamilton Spectator (24 July 2019).
Henry, Annette. Dear white people, wake up: Canada is racist. The Conversation (6 Sep. 2017).
Martis, Eternity. When racism makes people sick. West End Phoenix (24 Nov. 2020).
Palmater, Pam. Yes, Canada has a racism crisis and it’s killing Black and Indigenous peoples. Canadian Dimension (3 June 2020).
Slaughter, Graham. Five charts that show what systemic racism looks like in Canada. CTV News (4 June 2020).
Wilson, Jillian. This is what racial trauma does to the body and brain. HuffPost (1 July 2020).
Cole, Desmond. The skin I’m in: I’ve been interrogated by police more than 50 times—all because I’m Black. Toronto Life (21 Apr. 2015).
DasGupta, Nan, Shandal, V., Shadd, D. & Segal, A., with CivicAction. The pervasive reality of anti-Black racism in Canada. Boston Consulting Group (14 Dec. 2020).
Diaby, Jonathan. It’s 1920 in Saint-Jérôme, Que.. CBC (2 Mar. 2019).
Hudson, Sandy. Defunding the police will save Black and Indigenous lives in Canada. Huffington Post (2 June 2020).
Mastroianni, Julia. Remedies for anti-Black racism in Canadian healthcare. The Georgia Straight (12 Oct. 2020).
Maynard, Robyn. Canadian education is steeped in anti-Black racism. The Walrus (29 Nov. 2017).
Pierre, Myrlande. Eradicating structural racism for Black Canadians. Policy Options (29 Mar. 2019).
Singh, Inayat. 2020 already a particularly deadly year for people killed in police encounters. CBC News (23 July 2020).
Wu, Jade. Racism’s effects on Black mental health. Psychology Today (7 Oct. 2020).
2. Anti-Racism Resources
Cargle, Rachel Elizabeth. #DoTheWork 30-day course.
Daliri, Erfan. Let’s talk about how anti-racism benefits everyone.
Experiences Canada — Anti racism resources.
Experiences Canada —Reconciliation resources.
Government of Canada — Federal Anti-Racism Secretariat.
Kingston Frontenac Public Library. Anti-racism resources for teens. [Book recommendations]
Lamont, Amélie. The guide to allyship (2021).
Terry, Ruth. How to be an active bystander when you see casual racism. New York Times (29 Oct. 2020).
United Nations — Fight racism
3. Black History in Canada
Black History in Canada
Black history in Canada. Kayak: Canada’s History Magazine for Kids (Winter 2018 edition).
The Canadian Encyclopedia: — Black History in Canada Collection
- “Coloured Hockey League.”
- “Sleeping car porters in Canada.”
- “Black enslavement in Canada.”
- “Racial segregation of Black people in Canada.”
- “Racial segregation of Black students in Canadian schools.”
Eidinger, Andrea. A guide to online resources for teaching and learning about Black history in Canada. Unwritten Histories (21 Feb. 2017).
Nelson, Charmaine. The Canadian narrative about slavery is wrong. The Walrus (21 July 2017).
Nova Scotia Archives. “African Nova Scotians in the age of slavery and abolition.”
Van Dyk, Lindsay. “Shaping a community: Black refugees in Nova Scotia.” Canadian Museum of Immigration at Pier 21.
CBC | Firsthand: “The first reported race riot in North American happened in Canada.”
Nova Scotia Archives. “Gone but never forgotten: Bob Brooks’ photographic portrait of Africville in the 1960s.”
Jamal, Urooba. “The rebirth of Vancouver’s historically Black neighbourhood.” Vice (28 Feb. 2019).
Johnson, Kathy. “Black Loyalist descendants from Sierra Leone return to their Birchtown roots.” Saltwire Network (3 Sep. 2019).